WHAT HAPPENS IN ESCROW?
An escrow is an arrangement in which a disinterested third party, called an escrow holder, holds legal documents and funds on behalf of a buyer and seller, and distributes them according to the buyer’s and seller’s instructions.
People buying and selling real estate often open an escrow for their protection and convenience. The buyer can instruct the escrow holder to disburse the purchase price only upon the satisfaction of certain prerequisites and conditions. The seller can instruct the escrow holder to retain possession of the deed to the buyer until the seller’s requirements, including receipt of the purchase price, are met. Both rely on the escrow holder to carry out faithfully their mutually consistent instructions relating to the transaction and to advise them if any of their instructions are not mutually consistent or cannot be carried out.
An escrow is convenient for the buyer and seller because both can move forward separately but simultaneously in providing inspections, reports, loan commitments and funds, deeds and many other items, using the escrow holder as the central depositing point. If the instructions from all parties to an escrow are clearly drafted, fully detailed and mutually consistent, the escrow holder can take many actions on their behalf without further consultation. This saves time and facilitates the closing of the transaction. The escrow process was developed to help facilitate the sale or purchase of your home. The escrow holder accomplishes this by:
- Acting as the impartial “stake-holder,” or depository of documents and funds
- Processing and coordinating the flow of documents and funds
- Keeping all parties informed of progress on the escrow
- Responding to the lender’s requirements
- Securing a title insurance policy
- Obtaining approvals of reports and documents from the parties as required
- Prorating and adjusting insurance, taxes, rents, etc.
- Recording the deed and loan documents
- Maintaining security and accountability of monies owed and owing.
|WHO MAY HOLD ESCROWS?
The escrow holder may be any disinterested third party (although some states require that certain escrow holders be licensed). There are two important reasons for selecting an established, independent escrow firm, an attorney, or an escrow officer with a bank, S&L, or title insurance company. One is that real estate transactions require. a tremendous amount of technical experience and knowledge. The other is that the escrow holder will generally be responsible for safe-guarding and properly distributing the purchase price. Escrow officers with established firms, such as Chicago Title, generally are experienced and trained in real estate procedures, title insurance, taxes, deeds and insurance. Impartiality An escrow officer must remain completely impartial throughout the entire escrow process. He or she will normally adopt a courteous but rather formal manner when dealing with parties to the escrow, keeping conversation to the matters at hand in the escrow. This formal behavior is meant for the benefit of all concerned, since the escrow officer must follow the instructions of both parties without bias.
Escrow instructions are written documents, signed by the parties giving them, which direct the escrow officer in the specific steps to be completed so the escrow can be closed. Typical instructions include:
Since the escrow holder can only follow the instructions as stated, and may not exceed them, it is extremely important that the instructions be stated clearly and be complete in all details.
|WHAT EACH PARTY DOES IN ESCROW
The Lender (if applicable):
The Escrow Holder:
Questions? If you have questions about the escrow process, please call your local Chicago Title office. Click on Employee/Office Locator in the Title Bar above.
|CLOSING THE ESCROW AND DIVISION OF CHARGES
Closing the Escrow
Once all the terms and conditions of the instructions of both parties have been fulfilled, and all closing conditions satisfied, the escrow is closed and the safe and accurate transfer of property and money has been accomplished. Division of Charges The method of dividing the charges for the services performed through escrow or as a result of escrow varies from place to place. The fees and service charges to be divided might include, for example, the title insurance policy premium, escrow fee, any transfer taxes, recordation fees and cost in connection with any loan being obtained. Unless there is some special agreement between the buyer and seller as to how these charges are to be paid, local custom will generally be followed in drafting the instructions to the escrow holder as to how they are to be divided.
|WHAT IS TITLE INSURANCE?
A Word About Real Estate